MAHLER Symphony No. 1

French Horn


Gustav Mahler (Jul 1860 - May 1911)

Composed In

between 1887 and 1888


60 minutes


4 flutes, 4 oboes, 4 clarinets, 3 bassoons, 7 horns, 5 trumpets, 4 trombones, tuba, 2 timpani, percussion, harp, strings


Mahler conducted and premiered the first version (A Symphonic Poem in Two Sections) at Vigadó Concert Hall in Budapest in 1889. Due to its poor reception, Mahler made a major revision to the symphony, only showcasing it again three years later. He continued to make several revisions until the score was finally published in 1899. This piece is Mahler’s shortest symphony.


About the Composition

1 Langsam. Schleppend. Wie Ein Naturlaut 

The first movement, Langsam Schleppend (Slow and Dragging), opens with an invocation of nature, followed by cuckoo calls and distant fanfares. It introduces the principal theme, which is taken from the song “Ging heut’ morgens übers Feld” (I Went Out This Morning Through the Fields), in the standard sonata form. 

2 Kräftig Bewegt, Doch Nicht Zu Schnell – Trio. Recht Gemächlich

The second movement, Kräftig bewegt (Strongly Moving), is a lusty and hearty Austrian Ländler with yodels and foot-stomping. The slower and wistful trio conjures feelings of nostalgia and longing.

3 Feierlich Und Gemessen, Ohne Zu Schleppen

The third movement, the funeral march Feierlich und gemessen (Solemnly and Measured), is deeply ironic. Based on a woodcut-depicting animal carrying a hunter to his grave, a muted double bass solo plays the folk song “Frère Jacques” in a lugubrious minor, with the central trio evoking the tawdry Viennese cabaret music.

4 Stürmisch Bewegt

After a long, violent beginning in the finale that invokes the torments of hell, including a vehement march derived from the first movement, the music subsides into a yearning theme. A march then interrupts the mood with a transformative fanfare that eventually leads to a triumphant conclusion.

Gustav Mahler

Fun Facts about the Composer

  • Gustav Mahler composed songs in the early morning, and swam, ran and cycled later in the day.
  • Walked in a very odd and jerky way as he had a habit of changing rhythm frequently.
  • His music has been featured in over 100 film soundtracks, including Death in Venice, Shutter Island, Children of Men, and The Tree of Life.
  • He was reportedly difficult to work with. He had a high-pitched nasal voice, was authoritarian, prone to anger, and a stickler for minor details.
  • He lived a tragic life. Eight of his 14 siblings died at a very young age, before reaching adulthood. He had lost a child and had a troubled marriage.

Recommended Recording

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on email
Share on print